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Chronic Kidney Disease : Symptoms and Diagnosis

Symptoms of kidney diseases

Common symptoms of kidney diseases

  • Loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting.
  • Weakness, fatigue and weight loss.
  • Swelling (edema) of lower legs.
  • Swelling of face or around the eyes especially in the morning.
  • High blood pressure, especially if severe, uncontrolled or in young individuals.
  • Pallor.
  • Sleep problems, lack of concentration and dizziness.
  • Itching, muscle cramps or restlessness.
  • Flank pains.
  • Frequent urination especially at night (nocturia).
CHP. 11. Chronic Kidney Disease: Symptoms and Diagnosis 47.
  • Bone pains and fractures in adults and retarded growth in children.
  • Decreased sexual drive and erectile dysfunction in males and menstrual disturbances in females.

When to suspect CKD in a person suffering from high blood pressure?

In persons with high blood pressure (hypertension) suspect CKD if:

  • Age is less than 30 or more than 50 at the time of diagnosis of hypertension.
  • Severe hypertension at the time of diagnosis (i.e. more than 200/ 120 mm of Hg).
  • Severe uncontrolled high blood pressure even with regular treatment.
  • Concomitant visual disturbances.
  • Presence of protein in urine.
  • Presence of symptoms suggesting CKD such as presence of swelling, loss of appetite, weakness etc.
CKD is a important cause of low hemoglobin not responding to treatment.